12 March 2015 Last updated at 17:49 GMT
Despite being one of the poorest countries in the world, Eritrea is on track to achieve three UN targets aimed at eradicating poverty.
But it is also one of the world’s most secretive and isolated states, and the United Nations says forced labour and imprisonment without trial are common.
For the first time in a decade the BBC were allowed to film inside the country, but were accompanied by government minders at all times.
Yalda Hakim reports from Eritrea.